CARL ANDRE (1935, Quincy, Massachusetts)

From 1951 to 1953, he attended the Phillips Academy, Andover, where he studied art under Patrick Morgan. After a brief enrollment in Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, Andre earned enough money working at Boston Gear Works to travel to England and France in 1954. The following year, he joined United States Army Intelligence in North Carolina. In 1957, he settled in New York and worked as an editorial assistant for a publishing house. Shortly thereafter, he began executing wood sculptures influenced by Constantin Brancusi and by the black paintings of his friend Frank Stella. He was a leading member of the Minimalist movement, which coalesced during the early to mid-1960s. In addition to making sculpture, he also began to write poems in the tradition of Concrete Poetry, displaying the words on the page as if they were drawings. Andre's first solo show was held in 1965 at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York. In the 1970s, the artist prepared numerous large installations, such as Blocks and Stones for the Portland Center for the Visual Arts, Oregon, in 1973, and he made many more outdoor works, such as Stone Field Sculpture in 1977 in Hartford. In his work to date, he continues to emphasize material and spatial specificity. Andre lives in New York.

2011    "Personal Structures", 53rd Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy.
2010    "Personal Structures Time-Space-Existence", Kuenstlerhaus Bregenz, Austria.
2007    "Personal Structures", Arti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2007

• De Jongh, Karlyn & Sarah Gold, PERSONAL STRUCTURES: TIME SPACE EXISTENCE 2, Global Art Affairs Foundation, 2013
• De Jongh, Karlyn & Sarah Gold, PERSONAL STRUCTURES: La Biennale di Venezia 2011. Exhibition Catalogue for PERSONAL STRUCTURES, part of the Venice Biennale, at Palazzo Bembo in Venice, 2011
• Lodermeyer, Peter, Karlyn De Jongh & Sarah Gold, PERSONAL STRUCTURES: TIME SPACE EXISTENCE, DuMont Verlag, Cologne, Germany, 2009