JO BAER (1929, Seattle, USA)

Following her graduate studies at the New School for Social Research in New York, she commenced her career as an artist in Los Angeles in 1953. Seven years later, she returned to New York where she became one of the leading pioneers in the Minimalist art movement. Her pivotal minimalist works consisted of a reductive hard-edged style, which encompassed a series of large squares, small squares, and vertical and horizontal rectangles with fully enclosing borders. She began to expand her palette by painting flanking and stacked diptych and triptych groupings and working with wraparound paintings with diagonal and curved forms. Her notable paintings were included with works by Donald Judd, Dan Flavin, Robert Morris, and Sol Lewitt in many of the first Minimalist art exhibitions in New York in the early 1960s. Her unswerving commitment to painting as a radical art form brought her a solo exhibition as early as 1966 at the Fischbach Gallery in New York. In 1975, the Whitney Museum of American Art held a mid-career retrospective of her work. That same year, at the height of her career and on the heels of a the Whitney retrospective, she left behind the pressures of the New York art market and relocated to Ireland - marking a shift from abstraction to a more representational style rooted in metaphoric imagery. In 1999, the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam exhibited a large retrospective of her work. Recently the Dia Center for the Arts in New York also held a major exhibition of over 25 minimalist paintings and prints that she completed from 1960 to 1975. Since 1984, she has lived and worked in Amsterdam. Baer continues to develop the formal content of her paintings in a quasi-figurative manner that she considers radical figuration - without pre-eminence of image or space. 

2010    "Personal Structures Time-Space-Existence", Georg Kargl Fine Arts, Austria

    "Personal Structures Time", Arti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam, Netherlands

• Lodermeyer, Peter, Karlyn De Jongh & Sarah Gold, PERSONAL STRUCTURES: TIME SPACE EXISTENCE, DuMont Verlag, Cologne, Germany, 2009